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中国利用外资 英语论文——中国利用外资

2019-12-03 07:39:05 晚会致辞

Chapter1:thenewstageofChinasuseofforeigncapital

Chapter2:theproblemsandcountermeasuresofChinasutilizationofforeigncapital

Section2MajorCountermeasureWhichShouldbeAdoptedCurrently

Section1:Currentmajorproblemsofutilizationofforeigncapital

Chapter3:thenewthoughtsofutilizingforeigncapital

Chapter4:theestimationofChinaattractingtheforeigncapitalin2002

Chapter1:thenewstageofChinasuseofforeigncapital

Before1989,Chinatakesadvantagesofherpreferentialpoliciestoattractforeigncapitalsbutformanyreasons,thescaleofforeigncapitalsisquitesmall,After1992,DengXiaoping#39;ssouthcruise,theforeigncapitalbegantoflowintoChinainlarge-scale.Thereasonisthattheprofitsofenterprisesdecreased,themarketshankandthecommoditypricewentdown,whichresultedformtheslackofChineseeconomyform1989to1992.Inordertogetoutofthedeepend,thealltheenterprise,theenterprisesexpectedtorefreshthetechniquesandoffermorenewproductstoquicklycapturethemarket,andsurvivedanddevelopedthroughthedifferenceofsystemandprice,particularlythepreferentialtreatment.Therefore,foreigncapitalswerestronglyneeded(alsoresultedformthedifferenceofinternalandexternalpolicies),whiletheexpandingofinfluxofforeigncapitalsintoChinahappened.Thisstagedidntenduntil1997.Inthisstage,thejointventurestartedcompetingintensively(primarilyfortechnique,marketsharesandnon-pricefactors)inChinesemarket,andledtothematurityofChinesemarketcompetition.

TheutilizationoftheforeigncapitalhasalreadyenteredanewstageregardingfinancialcrisisinAsia,whichissymbolizedbythefollowings

1.Thepercentageofforeigncapitaloverthewholeinvestmentdecreases,andhascomeintoalowpercentperiod.Meanwhile,theneedofforeigncapitalissaturated.After1992,despitethatTheutilizationoftheforeigncapitalhasalreadyenteredanewstage,thepeakis1994whenthepercentageofforeigncapitalovertotalinvestmentwasabout22.75%,henceforththepercentgraduallydescended.ThisshowedthattheneedofforeigncapitalinChinesemarkethadbeenrelativelysaturatedorbalanced.In1997and1998,theamountofFDIwasbasicallyabout45billionUSD,whichprovedthatthecapacityofChinesemarketofforeigncapitalwaslimitedandthemarketreallydidnotneedtoomuchforeigncapital.(Localpoliciesandsubjectivewishesareotheraspects).Wecanalsofindthatthedecreasingofforeigncapitalfromtheintensivedecreasingoftheproportionofforeigncapitaloverthetotalsocialinvestment.Theproportionofforeigncapitalwas20.66%in1995,butin1996theproportionsuddenlydecreasedto14.65%withoutanyadjustingofgovernmentalpolicies,whichwasobviouslyresultedformthechangingofChinesemarket.Thefigurewas14.79%in1997and13.11%in1998,whichindicatedthatthescaleofforeigncapitalandtotalsocialinvestmenthadbeenfixedonandthemarketlackedtheeitherinvestingmomentumorneedforforeigncapital.However,thecompetitionofpricebetweenenterprisesbeginningform1997suggestedthechangingofmarketnecessarilyresultedtothedecreasingofdomesticandforeigninvestmentsfromanotheranglebecausethemarkethadenteredtheperiodofdecliningorstabilization.Theamountoftheutilizationofforeigncapitalin1999was40.4billionUSD,decreasing11.4%overthepreviousyearbutthetotalinvestmentinChinawas2.9876trillionRMB,increasing5.2%overthepreviousyear.Theproportionofforeigncapitalwas11.2%,fallingbehind13.48%,theproportionof1992,andonlyabouthalfofthehighestproportionin1994.Thisprovedthattheneedfordomesticcapitalexceededthatofforeigncapital,andthenewchanginghademergedinutilizationofforeigncapital(includingtheadjustingofsomepolicies).Whiletheproportionofforeigncapitalwaslowerthanthatof1992,theutilizationofforeigncapitalhasalreadyenteredthenewstageofstableordecreasingscale.

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